UNICEF has been supporting the Government in its work for Iran’s children since the early 1950s. UNICEF initially assisted in the vaccination of children against tuberculosis and equipped the country's first pasteurized milk factory. UNICEF later focused on supporting children's health programmes in Iran, such as promoting breastfeeding, vaccination and fighting against diarrhea. These collaborations between UNICEF and the Government were later expanded into other areas including strengthening the country's healthcare system, maternal health programmes, nutrition, fighting against micronutrient deficiency such as iodine, and acute respiratory infections. Programmes to support the education and protection of children were then added to the joint cooperation.